Tijuana – Robin’s exiles ate a traditional psyllium and chicken meal at a Haitian immigrant-owned restaurant just a short distance from the wall with the United States. He arrived the night before and went there for advice. Should he move to the United States or settle in Mexico?
Messages about Haitian migrants’ WhatsApp and Facebook and YouTube videos warned them to avoid crossing into Del Rio, Texas, where thousands of Haitians have gathered recently. It was only a few weeks ago, so it was not easy to get through.
A discussion at a Tijuana restaurant on Monday provided a snapshot of the Haitian diaspora in the Western Hemisphere. It gained momentum in 2016 with some signs of mitigation. More recently, it was shown by over 14,000 Haitian expatriates gathered around the Del Rio Bridge. The population of the town is around 35,000.
Of the approximately 1.8 million Haitians living outside their homeland, the United States has the largest population of about 705,000. A significant number of people from the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere have also settled in Latin American countries such as Chile, which is home to an estimated 69,000 Haitian immigrants, according to the Institute of Immigration Policy.
Almost all Haitians reach the United States through the hectic road. Fly to Brazil, Chile, or anywhere else in South America. If you run out of work, take the slow bus and walk between Central America and Mexico, wait for the right time to enter the United States, and apply for asylum in a city on the northern border, such as Tijuana.
It is largely independent of smugglers and is instead often exchanged via WhatsApp or Facebook between close communities for the safest places, the most abundant places to work and the easiest places. A country that is a moving population based on experience and information. Earlier this year, several appeared in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, and traveled to El Paso, Texas.
During the summer, Ciudad moved to Real Madrid, Mexico, in front of Haitian Del Rio. Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mallorcas said on Monday that it was unusually sudden.
In the 1980s, many Haitians began trying to enter the United States by sea. David Fitzgerald, a professor of sociology and asylum specialist at the University of California, San Diego, said most of them were intercepted by the Coast Guard and likely went through some form of asylum eligibility check. In 1994, US officials agreed with Jamaica to move the ship off shore so that a shipboard hearing could be held for Haitians intercepted by the boat. Maritime efforts declined after the Supreme Court’s decision to allow deportations without refugee protection.
After the devastating 2010 earthquake, thousands of Haitians fled to settle in South America. Many people came to Tijuana after work ended at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. President Barack Obama initially allowed them into the United States for humanitarian reasons, but suddenly began sending them back to Haiti, and many were trapped on the Mexican border.
Since then, Haitian restaurants and other businesses have emerged in Tijuana. Haitians found jobs in border factories and car wash buildings built for American exports. A hard scrub bull district is known as “Little Heights” because so many people settled there.
Many Haitians have established at least temporary legal status in Mexico, Brazil and elsewhere. Some have spouses and children in adopted countries.
The asylum seeker joked that he was born as a refugee in his own name, but said he was interested in obtaining documents so that he could work in Mexico if he had to come to the United States. The plan failed. where did it go. He and his pregnant wife were on the road for two and a half months after losing their jobs in Brazil. He took off from Haiti a year and a half ago in a spiraling crime.
He planned to stay for three weeks on Mexico’s southern border with Guatemala and move to the Texas border. But by the time his family sent money, he heard that Tijuana was a safer option in his established Haiti community.
“It’s complicated, so I came here hoping to find a job and live in peace while taking care of my family,” said the exile, painted in the colors of Haiti’s flag, at the restaurant.
He understands the US action in Del Rio, where the Biden administration launched an expulsion drive in Haiti on Sunday.
“I think people should wait and work in Mexico,” he said. “There are opportunities here, but not as many as there are in the United States.”
Pierre Wilten and his wife agree. They run the restaurant “Crisca Pub” or “Godwilling” in Creole and arrived in Tijuana five years ago. The two went to Brazil before the 2014 World Cup when the economy was booming.
“Things are good here,” said Wilson, vice president of the Haiti Immigration and Defense Association in Tijuana. school system.
Yuri Ramirez arrived in Tijuana in 2012, five years after losing his job in Brazil. She enrolled at the University of Tijuana to earn a degree in Nursing.
“Mexico was a good option for me, but for many, I’m not denying that they could have a better life in the United States,” Ramirez said.
Lived abroad for many years. From 2014 to 2018, nearly 150,000 Haitians went to Chile, many on charter flights to qualify for visas and found jobs as street vendors, janitors and construction workers. They mainly lived in the marginalized areas of the capital and were discriminated against.
In April, strict immigration laws came into force and the Chilean government launched a major deportation.
Since then, more Haitians have moved to the Colombian city of Necocli. There, the migrants board a boat at the Panama border and begin a dangerous trek through the jungle of the Darien Gap. In July, the city was home to more than 10,000 immigrants, almost all Haitians.
Immigrants waiting there stay in a hotel or local home, where they rent a room for $6 to $10 a night. Many groups sleep under tarpaulins on the beach.
Panama’s Security Minister Juan Pino said on Monday that his country accepts between 2,500 and 3,000 migrants, mostly Haitians, every day.
Immigrants to Panama usually take a series of buses through Central America and take off to cross Nicaragua in secret because they cannot leave before reaching the border between Guatemala and Mexico. Some apply for asylum in the Mexican city of Tapachula. I live in a camp.
Unlike Central Americans, Haitians are not typically deported from Mexico. So far this year, 19,000 people have sought asylum in Mexico, second only to Honduras. In the past two years, only 6,000 Haitians have applied each year.
But much of the past has decided to outdo the United States. Some are currently weighing the risks.
The Biden administration may be the fastest and largest US effort to eliminate immigrants and refugees in decades, and this week plans to increase it to seven flights a day.
After living in Chile for four years, Junior Jean went to a makeshift camp under the Del Rio Bridge on his way to Mexico.
“Chile was bad for me. I was sleeping on the street and eating out of the trash. That’s what we were doing. Nothing.”
Lozano was reported by Ciudad Acua, Mexico, and Spaget was reported by San Diego. Associated Press journalists Eva Vergara from Santiago, Chile, Astrid Suárez and Manuel Rueda from Bogota, Colombia, Juan Zamorano from Panama City and María Verza from Mexico City contributed to this report.
This story has been updated to correct the spelling of Fitz Gerald. It also amends Panama to accept 2,500 to 3,000 migrants daily instead of weekly.
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