cameroon – Using an apocalyptic image, three presidents and seven foreign ministers warned on Thursday that the hotter world would be even more violent.
At the Security Council ministerial meeting, officials called on the most powerful UN agencies to address the security implications of climate change and to make global warming an important part of all UN peacekeeping operations. asked to do more.
Leaders and ministers who have pushed for UN action, cited as examples the conflict-ridden Sahel region of Africa, Syria and Iraq, saying that warming is undermining global security.
Irish President Michael Martin, who presided over the conference, said that climate change “already contributes to conflict in many parts of the world,” and Vietnam’s President Nguyen Xuan Phuc said that climate change “does it without shooting”. There is a war, and it causes financial damage,” he said. And the loss of life is as terrible as a real war. “
“The effects of climate change are particularly acute when they are combined with vulnerability and past or present conflicts,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. “And when natural resources such as water are scarce due to climate change,” discontent and tension can spread, complicating efforts to prevent conflict and maintain peace. “
“Our lives and everyday reality are intertwined with climate change concerns,” said Elvad Elman, a peace activist in Somalia and Canada. “The effects of climate change and environmental degradation are also changing which is essential to making peace … as we are experiencing climate-related shocks and stresses.”
The Security Council first discussed the impact of climate on peace and security in 2007, and has held several conferences, most recently in February. However, due to divisions among the members, it remains off the agenda of the council. This means that there may not be a legally binding resolution or formal request for action.
“We need the information and tools to analyze and address climate-related security risks, so that the Council can fulfill its responsibility to maintain international peace and security,” said Martin of Ireland. .
For years, scholars who study conflict and climate change have emphasized how a once in a millennium drought-like event has exacerbated conflict, not just caused it. It is a more nuanced approach to understanding conflict and developing tools to reduce its impact on society.
“Look at almost every place where international peace and security is threatened today. We see that climate change is undermining the peace and security of things and making our response even more difficult,” said US Secretary of State Antony Blinken. .. including Syria, Mali, Yemen, South Sudan and Ethiopia. A list of countries cited.
“We must stop discussing whether the climate crisis belongs to the Security Council. Instead, how will the council use its power to address the negative impacts of climate on peace and security,” Blinken said. I would ask if it could be used.
Russian and Chinese diplomats have opposed the inclusion of climate change on the agenda of the Council responsible for maintaining international peace and security, at a time when other United Nations and international forums are addressing climate issues as a whole. repeated.
“… there is a Russian proverb that too many cooks will ruin the soup,” said Dmitry Polyansky, Russia’s deputy ambassador to the United Nations. He accused the councilor of “introducing a wholly unnecessary political element into an already complex and sensitive debate”.
China’s UN ambassador to the United Nations said climate change “did not disrupt all war-torn countries” and that the council should “refrain from using large-scale approaches.” where did it go.
Both Russia and China, the world’s biggest climate-damaging pollution emitters, have stressed their commitment to reducing emissions. The same was true for Blinken, the second largest carbon polluter in the United States and the third largest in India, and said climate change was not on the council’s agenda. India’s assistant secretary of foreign affairs Linato Sandu said it was “adverse” to identify one of the causes of the conflict.
“Climate change may fuel conflict, but it cannot be identified as the cause,” she said. This is the fight against climate change. “
Still, most of the leaders I spoke to on Thursday morning painted dark pictures of the entire planet. He said that climate change needs to be fought the same way the world is fighting the coronavirus, as it is a matter of life and death for the planet.
The decision, at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, Scotland, in November, “decides whether to remember the last decade as the decade we began saving the planet, or as the beginning of the end.” “We will,” said Estonian President Kelsti Georguride.
At the General Assembly’s world leaders meeting on Thursday, Angola’s President Joan Lourenço said, “The Earth is giving us a clear signal that we are not happy with our treatment and that it is most possible. We are defending ourselves violently. . “
And a night earlier, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who hosted climate talks in Scotland, gave a speech that began with a lesson on the extinction of mammals, reminding the world that humans are mammals too.
“Our grandchildren know we are criminals, and they know what we knew, that we were warned,” Johnson said. told. “And they will ask themselves what kind of people we must be in order to be so selfish and short-sighted.”
Borenstein, an Associated Press science writer, reported from Washington.
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