Mexico City – The country is scrambling to diplomatic sources as a gathering of leaders from Latin America and the Caribbean in Mexico this weekend appears to suggest a position as a new mediator between the region and the United States. claims that. Its the latest sign.
Mexico has been in focus for years, whether Saturday’s meeting in Mexico City, the Latin American and Caribbean community, or the CELAC, ended in a massive outpouring of rumors from the Organization of American States. After that, he shows that he wants a leading role in Latin America. Bilateral relations with the United States almost exclusively
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador cited in July when he proposed the very closeness of the relationship to Mexico, a model two centuries before the region began negotiations with the US government. He said that this will help in changing the direction of the relationship.
According to López Obrador, turning away from the United States was not an option. “It is time to express and explore another option. This is a dialogue with American leaders, which reassures and reassures them that new relations between American countries are possible.”
The president said Mexico’s proposal was closer to the European Union model. “In that spirit, we really shouldn’t rule out replacing[the Organization of American States]with the Autonomous Organization. Nobody lacks,” he said.
Mexico was the organization’s president last year, and its members voted that Mexico would continue its role this year.
CELAC has only existed for 10 years and maintains good relations with countries such as Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua, and more on the left. Venezuela’s late President Hugo Chavez was one of its biggest supporters. But did not even meet for a long time.
Unlike the OAS, the United States and Canada are not members, nor is Brazil, which withdrew in January 2020, a member.
Mexico’s Foreign Secretary Marcelo Evrad spoke openly about the disparity and disparity in access to a COVID-19 vaccine, and CELAC has become a vehicle for Mexico’s efforts on that issue.
Mexico adopted a multi-pronged strategy of direct procurement to obtain vaccines and participate in multilateral efforts. But at the same time, through CELAC, Ebrard produced and distributed the AstraZeneca vaccine in areas of Argentina and Mexico.
Late last month, Avalard turned to OAS. “The world has changed and the organization has become obsolete,” he said.
“Goodbye OAS, in its intervening, interfering and supremacist sense,” Evarad applauded.
Hence, there is speculation that Mexico may lead other countries as it leaves the OAS.
In addition to its vaccination efforts in the region, Mexico has hosted a new conversation between the Venezuelan government and its opponents in Mexico City. The López Obrador administration has resisted pressure to accept opposition leader Juan Guaidó.
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro was one of the unexpected leaders who arrived in Mexico City for a meeting late Friday. This is his first visit from Venezuela since the US government charged him with drug trafficking and terrorism in March 2020 and offered him a reward of up to $15 million.
The Mexican president has cooperated with both the Trump and Biden administrations on immigration, deployed Mexican security forces to contain immigrants in southern Mexico, and the United States for non-Mexico asylum seekers awaiting trial in Mexico. Has been doing. I made it possible to return it. López Obrador urged the Biden administration to help expand its two signed social programs in Central America’s Northern Triangle to address the root cause of migration.
On Thursday, López Obrador welcomed Cuban President Miguel Diascanel to protest the US blockade of the Cuban economy. Mexico recently sent a ship loaded with food, medicine and fuel to the island.
Ana Vanessa Cárdenas Zanata, professor of political science at the University of Monterrey and Anavac in Mexico City, said Mexico’s move to play a bigger role in Latin America was a positive.
“For the first time, the government has taken a position in terms of foreign policy and Latin American leadership, which has been repeatedly demanded and unresponsive to Mexico,” Cardenas said.
However, leaving the OAS is a major risk, and the organization is struggling financially with membership and financial support from major economies such as the United States, Canada and Brazil. She said it is hard to imagine that the CELAC will be more than a rhetorical and iconic device in the near future.
The debate aired at the OAS meeting on Friday.
Colombian Foreign Minister Martha Lucía Ramírez said talk about the exchange of OAS was “worrisome”.
“Of course, the answer should be ‘no,'” she said. OAS and CELAC can be complementary.
During the meeting, Mexico’s representative Ras Elena Baos criticized the OAS for its “interventionist” policy, arguing that the organization had deepened political conflict between the countries.
Rafael Elias Rojas, professor of history at the University of Mexico and an expert on Latin American diplomacy, said Mexico is going to take the lead.
“I don’t think it’s improvisation, they worked for a while,” Rojas said. But he questioned how polarized this region is. “Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, there has never been a lesser moment for Latin Americanism.”
AP writers Claudia Torrance of New York and Maria Verza of Mexico City contributed to this report.
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