Tehran After the Islamic Revolution of 1979, Iran’s first president, Aborha Sanbanisadol, fled Tehran after being accused of challenging the growing power of the clergy as the country became a theocracy. Down. He was 88 years old.
In a sea of Shia priests in black, Banisadol stood out that his clothing and background were French, so philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre was Iran’s first president nearly 15 years before that. He confessed his faith. Happened.
These differences only alienated him when the nationalist tried to run a socialist-style economy in Iran, supported by the deep Shia beliefs instilled in him by his priestly father. ..
Banisadol made him hold onto the government he believed he had led, with events far beyond his control, such as the hostage crisis at the US embassy and Iraq’s invasion of Iran, leading to revolutionary upheaval. – Adding turmoil. It never got tough.
True power was firmly continued by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who returned to Tehran during the Revolution when Banisadol went into exile in France and worked with him. However, only 16 months after taking office, Khomeini estranged Vanisdor and fled back to Paris, where he lived for decades.
“I was like a kid slowly turning his dad to an alcoholic. This drug was a force to be reckoned with,” Banisdol later told Khomeini.
Banisadol’s family said in an online statement on Saturday that he died in a Paris hospital after a prolonged illness. Iranian state television continued to have its own newsletter about his death. He also did not elaborate on the ailments that Banisdol faced.
Exiled to Iraq by Shah Mohammad Reza Paflawi, Khomeini was forced to leave for France in 1978 under renewed pressure from the Iranian emperor. Arriving in Paris and not speaking French, it was Banisdol who was the first to give his family a place to live after he moved his family out of the apartment.
Khomeini arrived in Neufle-le-Chateau, a village outside the French capital. So, as Banisadol once told the Associated Press, he and a group of friends created or investigated Khomeini’s message based on what the Iranians wanted to hear.
A tape recording of Khomeini’s statement was sold in Europe and given to Iran. Other messages were sent by phone and read by supporters from various cities in Iran. Vanisadol said these messages laid the foundation for Khomeini’s return after the terminally ill Shah fled Iran in early 1979, but priests were unsure whether he had been assisted. I said once.
“It was absolutely certain for me, but not for Khomeini or many others in Iran,” Banisadol told the AP in 2019.
The return saw Khomeini and his Islamic Revolution dominate the country. Soon after the US embassy in Tehran was seized by fanatical students on November 4, 1979, Banisdol became the head of the Revolutionary Council of Clergy and the State Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Reflecting what was to come, Banisdol took his role only 18 days after demanding a negotiated end to the hostage crisis, and was set aside by Khomeini for hardliners.
The hostage criminal was a “dictator forming a government within a government”, Banisadol would later complain.
However, he remained on Khomeini’s council to promote the nationalization of key industries and the private sector holdings of the Shah’s former. And in the early 1980s, when Khomeini had previously declared that clergy should not hold Iran’s newly created president, it was Banisadol who won three-quarters of the vote and took office.
“Our revolutionaries will not win unless it is exported,” he said in his inaugural address. “We intend to create a new system in which looters are not always robbed.”
As Iran’s troops were purged, Iraq invaded the country and a bloody eight-year conflict began between the two countries. Banisadol served as the country’s commander-in-chief under Khomeini’s command. However, the failure on the battlefield and complaints from Iran’s paramilitary Revolutionary Guard Corps became a political responsibility of the president, and he survived two helicopter crashes near the front.
A parliament dominated by fanatical priests under Khomeini’s control impeached Banisadol in June 1981 for his opposition to the placement of priests in the country’s political system. A month later, Banisadol boarded an Iranian Air Force Boeing 707 and fled to France with Masoodrajabi, the leader of the left-wing extremist group Mujahideenhulk.
He came out of the plane by shaving off his trademark mustache. Iranian media claimed that he had fled in the guise of a woman.
After fleeing, Banisadol said, “Khomeini bears a heavy responsibility for the horrific disaster in the country.” “They mostly imposed this course on our people.”
Born on March 22, 1933, in Hamidan, Iran, Banisadol grew up in a religious family. His father, Nasra Lavanisador, was Ayatollah, a Shia bishop who opposed the policies of the Shah’s father, Reza Shah.
“Even in the womb, I was a revolutionary,” Banisdol once claimed.
When he was young, he opposed the Shah and went to jail twice. He supported Iran’s Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh, who nationalized Iran’s oil industry, and was later deposed during a 1953 CIA-backed coup. In 1963, Banisdol was wounded and fled to France.
Vanisador studied economics and finance at the Sorbonne University in Paris, where he later taught. He wrote books and pamphlets on socialism and Islam. It is this thought that guides Khomeini once he enters his inner circle.
After leaving Iran, Banisadol and Rajabi formed the National Council of Resistance for Iran. Banisadol was withdrawn from the council in 1984 after Mujahideen Hussein parted ways with Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein as the war with Iran continued.
He has been out of Paris for the rest of his life under police surveillance after being targeted by an Iranian assassin suspect.
Banisadol was once again infamous after claiming that Ronald Reagan’s campaign was clashing with Iranian leaders to postpone the release of hostages, thereby preventing the re-election of then-president Jimmy Carter. .. This gave rise to the idea of the “October Surprise” in American politics. It is a powerful event that has been deliberately given enough time to influence the election.
A US Senate investigator later said in 1992, “The great weight of the evidence is that there was no such transaction.” However, after Reagan’s inauguration in 1981, American weapons began to flow into Iran through Israel, which became known as the Iran-Contra relationship.
During a US tour in 1991, Banisadol told a former hostage, “The priest used you as a tool to destroy democracy.” “The night you were taken hostage, I went to Khomeini and told him that he had acted against Islam and against democracy.”
Gambrel reported from Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
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